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Have you ever had a student burst into tears over a seemingly insignificant mistake? What about a student who erases over and over and over again until they wear a hole through their paper? Or, maybe, you’ve even had a student who straight up refused to make anything in your classroom.
They are so caught up in doing everything right; they can’t do anything at all. It’s heartbreaking, and it can be difficult to find ways to reach them.
The theory of growth mindset comes from Carol Dweck, a professor at Stanford University. Over 30 years ago, she began researching failure. She found some people bounced back much better from setbacks than others. She described those who failed well as having a “growth mindset” and those who had a hard time with failure as having a “fixed mindset.”
If you’re interested in learning even more about this topic, be sure you check out the Promoting a Growth Mindset in the Art Room Learning Pack. You’ll learn how to tweak both your teaching practice and classroom setup to foster a growth mindset in your students. Plus, learn how to apply what you learn to your own life!
Dweck’s research eventually led to her best-selling book, Mindset: The New Psychology of Success. In the book, she describes the differences between the two groups which you can see outlined in the chart below.
Furthermore, Dweck found cultivating a growth mindset can have major implications for learning and achievement. In short, “When students believe they can get smarter, they understand that effort makes them stronger. Therefore they put in extra time and effort, and that leads to higher achievement.”
So, it’s pretty clear a growth mindset is something we should all try to instill in our students. But how?
While digging into the research behind growth mindset, one thing I found fascinating was the fact that it only takes a lesson or two to start opening students up to the idea that they can improve with practice. This is great news because we all know art teachers are short on time! Below are three simple, one-day art activities to start to teach students how to get through the act of making a mistake.
Many times, it’s not even the fact that a student has made a mistake that sends them into a tizzy. It’s the fear that they will make a mistake. So, why not encourage them to do so? Allowing them to practice making mistakes, brainstorming solutions, and carrying out a plan to fix things can ease students’ anxiety down the road.
There are many different ways you can challenge your students with materials. Here are 3 ideas to try.
Sometimes, all it takes is putting a humorous twist on things to create buy-in from your kids. Why not try turning your art room into an “art hospital” for a day?
Before your students arrive, prep various pieces of paper with “mistakes.” Blobs of paint, rips, pieces of tape stuck in weird places, holes, etc.
Your students will love turning these papers into masterpieces! And, they will see they have the power to take something traditionally seen as a mistake and make it into something beautiful.
We’re all familiar with the power of blind counter to improve drawing skills, but this exercise takes things a step further.
Instead of doing a quick blind contour study, have your students create art “in the dark.” Then, have them turn whatever they create into a finished piece. You can go about this in a variety of ways, but the idea is to create limitations that may lead to undesirable results.
Here are 3 different ideas to try.
No matter which activity you choose, teaching students that mistakes are part of learning will benefit them for years to come. Remember, presenting just one lesson on the idea of growth mindset can help students begin to see how their skills can improve with time and effort!
If you’re looking for even more ideas for the classroom, including how to set up your physical classroom space to foster a growth mindset in your students, click here!
How do you foster a growth mindset among your students?
Do you have any other activities to help students value failure?