2 Compelling Reasons for Using the Studio Habits of Mind in Your Art Room

Over a decade ago, researchers with Harvard’s Project Zero identified The Studio Habits of Mind. Through research, Lois Hetland and her team classified and named eight Studio Habits which include: Develop Craft, Engage & Persist, Envision, Express, Observe, Reflect, Stretch & Explore and Understand Art Worlds. Since then, the eight Habits have been a continuous force in reshaping how progressive art education is organized and administered. As you can see, these are not novel ideas in art ed. They are, in fact, the basis of best practices in the art room. When you introduce the Habits in your art room, students become more mindful about their practice.

Incorporating the Studio Habits into Your Curriculum

Studio Habits

There are many authentic ways to use The Studio Habits of Mind regardless of your students’ ages or artistic levels. No matter where you are on the Choice Spectrum, the Studio Habits, as well as the rest of the Studio Thinking framework, can be incorporated into your curriculum.

Recently, I had the opportunity to reach out Paige Byrne, an elementary art educator from Washington D.C., for some advice on how she incorporates the Studio Habits in her art room. Paige’s advice centers on two big concepts that highlight the benefits of using the Studio Habits with your students.

2 Reasons You Should Be Using the Studio Habits in Your Art Room

1. The Studio Habits Can Bring Teaching Methodologies Together

Recently, Paige did some deep thinking about her personal teaching philosophy. Namely, she wanted to find a way to fuse Reggio methods, Olivia Gude’s teachings, choice-based centers and contemporary art seamlessly together for her students. The Studio Habits of Mind came to her rescue. She explained, “Students have so much more knowledge, motivation and interest in performing what we hope they can achieve. Many times, they surpass our expectations. The Studio Habits help me navigate the right support for my students in their art explorations.” For Paige, not only do the Habits allow her to organize her curriculum and pedagogy with choice-based methods but they also effortlessly connect different teaching methods.

2. The Studio Habits are Universal

Many times, educational frameworks or curriculum guides are made to be utilized within particular grade levels or experience levels. With the Studio Habits, that is not the case. Paige says, “Each of the habits are rich across all grade levels and art centers. For example, I have a first grader engage & persist with map-making regardless if I’m demonstrating something many of his classmates choose to try. I may also have a fourth grader developing craft with comic drawing and a fifth grader expressing her love of figure sculpture.”

Some educators might think of the concepts within the Studio Habits as “hidden curriculum.” It’s more difficult to measure a skill like Stretch and Explore than it is to measure a more “solid” concept like color theory. However, the Habits allow art teachers to emphasize modes of thinking that are crucial to their students’ cognitive development. The skills highlighted in the Habits are those that transfer easily to situations outside of the art room walls as they are adaptable to almost any learning situation.

Studio Habits

Introducing the Studio Habits to Your Students

As a middle school art teacher myself, I have been introducing the Habits, a few at a time, to my 7th graders this fall. Because the Habits are non-hierarchal, there is a lot of flexibility with how you introduce them. In a few short weeks, my students will recognize what the Habits are and how their own work practices relate to each.

I hope the Habits will allow me to approach my curriculum delivery from a different angle. I also hope my students will begin to see that art class is more than just learning about media and techniques, but is also about learning how and why artists work the way they do.

Check out these printable classroom posters that you can use to introduce your students to the Studio Habits and display in your art room.

Click for free Studio Habits posters!

Download Posters

How do you incorporate the Studio Habits of Mind in your art room?
What benefits do you see in the introduction or inclusion of the Studio Habits into your curriculum?


Tracy Hare

Learning Team

Tracy is a middle school art teacher from central MN who strives to create rich, meaningful content and resources through her Art Ed PRO Director role at AOE.


  • Cynthia Gaub

    Here is how I introduced the habits to my middle school students this week.

    • Tracy Hare

      Very cook! Thanks for sharing Cynthia.

    • Susan Thames

      I love your approach to this, Cynthia! Doing centers based on each habit is just what I was looking for to bring higher level thinking skill in. I’m new to TAB and studio habits, so I’m still trying to retrain my brain. Thank you for the ideas! And thank you, Tracy for the article and the posters.

  • Natalie Whitney Hamil

    This is awesome! I’ve been trying to figure this out too and I’m so happy you created a document using “I Can” statements. I appreciate this article for many reasons. :)

    • Tracy Hare

      Glad this is helpful for you, Natalie!

  • Ms. Mona

    Our entire art department has been using the studio habits for several years. We also use the habits often when creating rubrics or refer to them when a student is working through a “tough one” like Engage & Persist. This reassures them that it is all part of the process. I keep the Habits on my final exam questions as well.

  • MK

    Does anyone use this with high school? At risk students?

    • Jessica Frisco


  • Melissa Gilbertsen

    Booyah!! I was going to create these myself and on a whim dropped by my favorite website and there it was! I love you guys!!

  • Jenny Burrow

    Thank you s much! I will definitely use these posters in our art studio. This year I am working with students who have no art experience. Incorporating these 21st century skills will deepen the value of the normal art elements and principles.

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  • Megan Dejo

    I began to strongly incorporate the SHOM in my middle school art classroom this last year and had great success with the beginning stages. I am excited about furthering my weaving of them into my curriculum and helping to forge further connections to other subject areas. I initially began to incorporate the SHOM to advocate for my art program and it has been a natural boost to my program. I am so happy to see the discussion happening here. Yeah AOE! Love you guys!

    • Liz Grandon

      Do you have any specific examples that you could share with how it works in your middle school art room? I am excited to utilize these this year at my middle school 6-8.

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  • Diana

    Has anyone used this in the elementary school level?

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