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Aesthetics matter to art teachers. They always have and they always will. We are masters of appearance, able to facilitate beautiful displays of student art to adorn hallways and bulletin boards in schools all over the country. It’s good that we can do this. It makes our communities better and brings joy to our schools. How the artwork looks is important because art is visual. But, it’s also important because it’s often how our work is judged. Appearance matters to parents and administrators, in no small part because it’s often all they see of the work we do with our students.
We see kids struggle and strive and finally get it. We see how kids learn and form ideas and know that the process looks different for each one. In short, the act of making art is just as important as the finished artwork because it’s when the learning takes place. Sometimes it’s messy. Mistakes happen, kids get stuck, and things are set aside and started again. But, by working through these challenges, our students practice their problem-solving skills and learn the value of perseverance.
We know our programs are judged on finished work and little else. So we plan out the steps of our students’ work with the end result already in mind instead of letting kids struggle through mistakes to get there themselves.
Over weeks, we delegate tasks that form a vision we’ve pre-planned: a painted background one class, cut paper added the next, and finishing details painted during class number three. Our students and schools are proud of this work, and they should be. It’s beautiful.
When teachers take responsibility for planning the content of student artwork, it ceases to belong fully to the students. After all, the role of an artist is to make. To make artistic decisions, to make meaning, and to make original work. With those roles being filled by someone else, the tasks left to the students are much less rigorous and require more direction following than creative thinking. What if, instead, we required students of all ages and skill levels to use their own ideas for their artwork?
For students to truly act as artists, to be concerned with the process of creating, the ownership of the process must be relinquished to them. In this teaching model, the teacher allows learners to regularly make impactful decisions about the art they create. Students are challenged to apply their personal visions by developing their own plans for artmaking.
This is not to say students do not learn skills. But, instead of the model we’re most used to seeing, the teacher acts more like a mentor, guiding and sharing knowledge.
It’s time to change how we define success in the visual arts. Instead of judging the quality of an art program by the work we see, let’s also consider who is responsible for the content. Is it the students or the teacher?
If we value the process of artmaking and deep learning, we have to give students control and teach them to create on their own terms. This approach will have a huge impact on the quality of learning that happens in our classrooms.
Ultimately, the product of an art education is not what we see hanging on the walls. It is our students’ ability to work independently as artists. We need to redefine our goals as educators with this idea in mind.
This will be my last published article for The Art of Education. Sharing my ideas with the amazing readers of AOE for the last two years has been an honor for which I’m incredibly grateful. Thank you for taking the time to read the things I’ve had to say and telling me what you feel about them – even if it’s that you think I’m totally wrong! If you are interested hearing more from me, I’ll be posting regularly on my blog, www.thoughtsonarting.com and I’ve also recently published a book, The Open Art Room.
Magazine articles and podcasts are opinions of professional education contributors from across the nation and do not necessarily represent the position of the Art of Education University or any of its academic offerings.