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For some, the clear answer is yes; everyone who makes a mark is an artist. For others, it’s less clear. I started grappling with the question after hearing a lot of my colleagues refer to their students as artists. Was I an unsupportive teacher because I didn’t call my students artists? What was the impact of giving students this title?
In elementary school, it’s common for teachers to refer to their students as artists. However, it’s rare that you’ll hear a secondary teacher call all or any of their students artists.
Have we thought about how this transition impacts our students?
At first, they are receiving praise and the title of “artist” for putting marks on a page. They happily accept and embrace the title.
But, as students develop, they become more aware of their inability to draw what they see. At the same time, they progress to an environment where the teacher no longer calls them an artist. Does that mean their time as an artist has come to an end? Is their work no longer good?
Students may experience a similar transition as they head off to college. What happens to the highly-praised, rock star artists when they are surrounded by students with the same or better skill levels?
As we think about what we call our students, let’s look at other subjects. Are students also collecting the titles of writer, mathematician, historian, or scientist? Are we undermining the fields of art and art education by saying everyone is an artist? Is there a better alternative? Perhaps what we really should say is that everyone has the potential to creatively express themselves.
Through researching failure, Dweck found there are two types of mindsets, those that are fixed and those that grow. Students with a fixed mindset believe their level of intelligence is pre-determined and they have little to no control to change it. On the flip side, students with a growth mindset believe intelligence is fluid and can grow and develop over time.
Teaching students to have a growth mindset is common practice in many schools. (We have a Growth Mindset in the Art Room PRO Learning Pack that gives tons of great art room-specific information if you’re interested.)
In short, for students to develop a growth mindset they need to understand how to fail well. They need to believe through hard work they can improve. If students are artists the moment they walk into the art room, how does that impact their growth mindset?
During a research study Dweck found, ability praise pushed students right into the fixed mindset, and they showed all the signs of it, too: When we gave them a choice, they rejected a challenging new task from which they could learn. They didn’t want to do anything that could expose their flaws and call into question their talent. […] In contrast, when students were praised for effort, 90 percent of them wanted the challenging new task from which they could learn.
Growth mindset also puts focus on process praise instead of talent praise. As a culture, we tend to look at artists as though they were simply born with the talent, ignoring the effort they’ve put into their work. When we call students artists, we’re praising talent, not process.
First, take a deep breath and give yourself a high five for taking the time to reflect. Next, if you’re feeling like you want to transition away from calling your students artists, talk to them.
Start by looking at artists and having students reflect on what they think an artist is. Ask students how they think people earn or are given titles. As you look at artists with your students, think about selecting artists that reflect your students.
After looking at artists’ work, ask your students if they feel like they’re artists or not. If they answer yes, discuss how they could improve and set goals. If they answer no, discuss why they feel that way, and explore what might make them feel like an artist.
So, if you’re not going to call your students artists, what are some other words you could use?
Fortunately, there’s no right answer to this question. What you do in your classroom needs to fit with your personality and your students’ personalities.
Create a powerful experience in which you have a conversation and explore together what words and titles mean to them. Ask your students what they want to be called.
Maybe you decide on art appreciates. (Admittedly, this doesn’t roll off the tongue as easily…) Or, you might decide to call them makers, creators, problem-solvers, or thinkers. Or maybe, you decide calling your students artists is the best thing for them. The beauty is that you and your students will have come up with the solution together.
What do you call your students and what led you that decision?
What’s something you’ll never forget that your art teacher told you?