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As art educators, we not only want students to create art, but we also hope to create a learning environment where every student feels included, valued, and encouraged. The desire to create a positive experience in an inclusive art room helps drive everything we do. Our students know they are valued and represented in their learning. They can create personal art inspired by a diverse variety of artists and themes. In an inclusive art room, students learn and thrive from identifying similarities and celebrating differences in others.
An inclusive art room is developed when a teacher takes into consideration the needs of all students. The teacher ensures students of all backgrounds are not only tolerated and respected but are actively included in the classroom environment and curriculum. Art, in particular, provides teachers a unique opportunity to give positive representation to diverse populations. Teachers can incorporate artists and themes to connect with students from marginalized groups while showing all students everyone is valued.
Art teachers should strive to create an inclusive art room because they understand the impact acceptance, respect, and validation have on a student’s learning potential. Many of us can relate to the simple fact that feeling valued impacts our self-esteem. It transfers into how we work, learn, and create. Imagine the impact if all of your students felt this way when they come into your art room. The weight of fear, insecurity, and pain could be lifted from your students if you make an effort to demonstrate that you see and value them as unique individuals.
All students benefit from such a safe and inclusive learning environment. While some of your students may not identify with a minority or marginalized group, by including everyone, each student can learn from a variety of perspectives, becoming a more well-rounded individual and artist.
Not every group will be visible or known to you. Some students may not share that they are an English language learner (ELL). Other students may be coming to terms with their sexual orientation or gender identity. If you want to develop a truly inclusive art room, you should strive to include everyone, whether your student population reflects each diverse group or not.
The lesson planning process for an inclusive art room is key because you can’t simply say you respect and value all students and then exclusively teach them artists and issues of the status quo. Think of the saying, “Actions speak louder than words.” Yes, having inclusive posters and images around the room is a great start, but the heart of your classroom is the learning! Your curriculum should reflect your belief that all students should feel valued and included.
Take a look at your curriculum. Consider asking yourself:
Now let’s go beyond physical characteristics and open up the definition of inclusion even wider. Ask yourself:
Think about how presenting artists from an even wider variety of life circumstances can benefit your students. Art is for everyone and is made by everyone. Show your students how! You’ll create an inclusive environment and inspire your students of all backgrounds in doing so.
When selecting or planning activities for your students, look for what’s missing in your existing curriculum. Who isn’t represented? Start implementing some examples of artists from these groups. They may fit well into a unit you already teach. For example, you may demonstrate the same skill, but change the artist or pair the artists together. By adding more diverse representation to your curriculum, you’re already beginning to show students they are valued in your art room.
Sometimes adding diverse perspectives into your curriculum can lead to some tough conversations and conflicting viewpoints. Even at the elementary level, class discussions can open up about race and stereotypes. These conversations may be uncomfortable, but they are necessary. By asking students to think about their comments and explain them, growth can occur. The biggest impact may be when students call each other out or have their own dialogue. Of course, with different age levels and in different communities, these conversations can be more difficult. You, as their teacher, know your students and how to facilitate a class discussion where each students’ voice is valued and respected.
Sometimes these conversations can lead to inquiries outside of the classroom from parents, staff, or even administration. When faced with any question or concern from others, firmly explain your learning objectives and the rationale for why it’s important. Ask them questions as to why they are opposed to what you are teaching. This will help you gain some understanding of their perspectives. Respond to their concerns. Inclusion is not a political weapon; you are simply trying to show respect and value to everyone, in and outside your art room.
The physical environment of an inclusive art room is another way you can show your students you value people from a wide variety of groups and life experiences. Posters of artists and/or their work are a great way to represent diversity in your art room. You could also display posters with quotes or statements that explicitly say your room is a safe space for all people.
Several companies and organizations produce such posters, but you can also create your own! Look at your own curriculum for inspiration of artists or quotes you could put up in your room. If you can’t find a poster that says precisely what you want to communicate with your students, do it yourself! Whatever your teaching philosophy or mission statement is, share that with your students. Let each class know exactly how you feel about them and your desire to include them in your art room.
You can advocate and support these students by how you structure the physical environment of your art room, and by the diverse lesson plans you teach. Think of the impact you can have on a student with physical special needs when you include an artist like Henri Matisse. The famous French artist continued to create art after surgery left him confined to his bed or a wheelchair. Mexican artist, Frida Kahlo’s story of perseverance to paint after contracting polio and suffering numerous injuries is another great example to share with students. Positive representation matters and can be incredibly inspiring to your students. Each student deserves to see themselves reflected in your art room and your art curriculum.
How do you define an inclusive art room?
What lessons, accommodations, or visuals have you used in your inclusive art room?